SANParks Tourism Summit 2022 Fact Sheet


1.       SANParks is a recognised leader in eco-tourism Public Private Partnerships (PPPs)

2.       Public Private Partnership or “PPP” means a commercial transaction between an institution and a private party in terms of which the private party –

a)           Performs an institutional function on behalf of SANParks; and / or

b)           Acquires the use of state property for its own commercial purposes; and

c)           Assumes substantial financial, technical and operational risks in connection with the performance of a SANParks function and/or use of state property; and

d)           Receives a benefit for performing a SANParks function or from utilizing the state property.

3.       In September 1998, SANParks was informed that they should prepare for eventual weaning from state funding and urged to re-think new models of leveraging its resources and to establish new sustainable revenue generation options to achieve future financial self-reliance. The objective was to reduce the dependence on state funding and improve existing operational efficiencies.

4.       The Commercialisation Strategy (Strategic Plan for Commercialisation) was adopted by SANParks in 2000. The intention was to increase net revenue that commercial operations contribute to conservation and to transfer specific commercial opportunities to the private sector who are better qualified with access to capital. Therefore, SANParks can focus on its core business of managing biodiversity in protected areas and provide the framework for commercial operations to be performed by the private sector and by doing so create opportunities for BBBEE and SMME development.

5.       Since 2000, Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in South Africa has been regulated by the PFMA, providing a clear and transparent framework for government and its private sector partners to enter into mutually beneficial commercial transactions, for the public good.

6.       PPP transactions in SANParks cover a wide range of projects, including accommodation, restaurants, retail, activities, an airport and the Table Mountain Aerial Cableway.

7.       As at March 2022 SANParks has 60 PPP projects

8.       Benefits of Commercialisation Strategy:

a)           Increased market segmentation and product and price differentiation with 572 additional guest beds in the five-star segment.

b)           Improved efficiencies of the restaurant and retail facilities.

c)           PPP Income of R1,394 billion since inception as at March 2021 to SANParks for the funding of SANParks’ operational mandate.

d)           Increased infrastructure with the assets reverting to SANParks to the value of R955 million.

e)           Refurbishment of both the restaurant and retail facilities to the value of R20 million.

f)            Commercial risk transfer to the private sector.

g)           Broadening the participation of BBBEE partners.

h)           Increased employment in the tourism industry with 2100 new jobs excluding construction;

i)             BBBEE Equity in excess of the Tourism BBBEE Charter and Scorecard requirements;

j)             79% of employees recruited from communities adjacent to the Parks;

k)           Local community SMME spend of R75 million per annum;

l)             Considerable continuous skills transfer and training;

m)         The tourism multiplier effect to the broader economy.

n)           The Commercialisation Strategy has thus allowed SANParks to:

·    increase and capture more of the net economic benefits attributable to parks;

·    contribute more to BBBEE and local economic development;

·    mitigate environmental impacts; and

·    help finance biodiversity conservation recognising that only a small fraction of ecologically-important areas have the potential to attract significant tourism.

9.       Other high level commercialisation objectives for SANParks include any or all of the following; revenue generation; loss minimisation or savings on existing operations; optimal use of under-performing assets; job creation and poverty alleviation; BBBEE; infrastructure upgrades; upgrade/development of historical and/or cultural sites; tourism promotion and further biodiversity protection and conservation.

10.    The Strategic Plan for Commercialisation is aligned to SANParks Responsible Tourism Strategy 2022. The 2022 SANParks Responsible Tourism Strategy was adopted in 2012 and aims to define the 2022 strategy, objectives, guiding principles and values, as well as an implementation and monitoring plan for nature-based responsible tourism in National Parks.

11.    The SANParks Responsible Tourism Strategy 2022 seeks to:

a)           Provide the organisation and the public at large with a clear nature-based, responsible tourism strategy that guides its tourism agenda into the future;

b)           Align SANParks’ tourism strategy with the national policy and strategy on responsible tourism;

c)           Provide a basis for decision making, and guidance for divisions to develop and align action plans that comply with this strategy;

d)           Provide clear principles and values underpinned by a policy and standards framework that will guide SANParks on the implementation and day to day running of sound nature-based responsible tourism operations;

e)           Provide clear principles and strategic direction for new product development and the general enhancement of the tourism plant;

f)            Provide strategic direction for revenue generation programmes both within and external to the National Parks footprint;

g)           Provide a clear framework that will ensure the integration of the nature-based responsible tourism strategy and actions into management plans for each national park in South Africa;

h)           Provide direction as to the sales and marketing focus and strategy of SANParks;

i)             Provide guidance on the development and operation of relevant tourism IT support and monitoring systems;

j)             Provide guidance on the approach to the tourism research that is required to inform sound decision making;

k)           Provide guidance as to the objectives and implementation of the Wild Card loyalty programme; and

l)             Provide guidance on sound and sustainable financial management of tourism in SANParks.

12.    3 Types of PPP’s

a)           Large Capital PPPs (> R10 million)

b)           Small Capital PPPs (

c)           Management Agreements

13.    PPP Agreements:

a)           A typical Eco lodge concession contract allows a private operator to construct and operate an ecotourism lodge with a national park on a 20 – 30 year “build, operate, transfer” contract. The contract gives exclusive rights of occupation and commercial use of land while adhering to a set of financial, environmental, social and empowerment obligations.

b)           A Restaurant & Retail PPP allows the private operator to refurbish and operate the facility. The contract provide exclusive rights within the defined area while adhering to a set of financial, environmental, social and empowerment obligations.

c)           A Management Agreement allows the private operator to manage a facility and for such, receives a management fee. The income and expenditure remains with SANParks. As such, no risk is transferred to the private operator.


a)                  LODGES – 16

1.     Tinga Safari Lodge – KNP

2.     Jock Safari Lodge  – KNP

3.     Lukimbi Safari Lodge – KNP

4.     Shishangeni Lodge  – KNP

5.     Rhino Walking Safaris – KNP

6.     Imbali Safari Lodge  – KNP

7.     Singita Lebombo  – KNP

8.     Gorah Elephant Camp – AENP

9.     Riverbend Safari Lodge – AENP

10.  Koeel Bay – Tintswalo Atlantic Lodge  – TMNP

11.  Kraalbaai Luxury Houseboats – WCNP

12.  !xhaus Lodge – KTP

13.  Chiefs Tented Camp – NNP

14.  Marakele Park (Pty) Ltd – MNP

15.  Shalati Concession – KNP

16.  Ratel Rivier Estate – ANP

b)                  RESTAURANT & RETAIL – 32

1.     Afsaal Picnic Site – KNP

2.     Tsokwane Picnic Site – KNP

3.     Mugg and Bean Lower Sabie – KNP

4.     Nkhulu Trading Post – KNP

5.     Satara Restaurant – KNP

6.     Letaba Restaurant – KNP

7.     Olifants Restaurant – KNP

8.     Wimpy Pretoriuskop – KNP

9.     Skukuza – Cattle Baron – KNP

10.  Tindlovu Restaurant – Berg en Dal KNP

11.  Cattle Baron Grill Restaurant – AENP

12.  Addo Park Shop – AENP

13.  The Roundhouse Restaurant – TMNP

14.  Cattle Baron Seafood Restaurant Tsitsikamma – TNP

15.  Tsitsikamma Parks Shop – TNP

16.  Whett Restaurant – GRNP

17.  Punda Parks Shop – KNP

18.  Shingwedzi Parks Shop – KNP

19.  Mopani Parks Shop – KNP

20.  Satara Parks Shop – KNP

21.  Olifants Parks Shop – KNP

22.  Letaba Parks Shop – KNP

23.  Skukuza Parks Shop – KNP

24.  Lower Sabie Parks Shop – KNP

25.  Pretoriuskop Parks Shop – KNP

26.  Crocodile Bridge Parks Shop – KNP

27.  Augrabies Falls Retail and Restaurant – AFNP

28.  GeelBek Restaurant – WCNP

29.  Karoo Restaurant & Retail – KNP

30.  Rhodes Memorial – TMNP

31.  Cape Point Partnership – TMNP

32.  Boulders Retail Facility – TMNP

c)                  AIRPORTS – 1

1.     Skukuza Airport  – KNP

d)                  SPAS – 2

1.     AM Spa Skukuza – KNP

2.     Indlovu Pop up and Wellness Spa – AENP

e)                  BUSH BRAAIS – 1

1.     Crocodile Bridge Bush Braai – KNP

f)                   ACTIVITIES – 7

1.     Table Mountain Arial Cableway Company – TMNP

2.     Abseiling – TMNP

3.     Knysna Gorge Zipline / SA Forest Adventures – GRNP

4.     Tsitsikamma Water Based Activities – GRNP

5.     Tsitsikamma Segway Forest Tours – GRNP

6.     Tsitsikamma Water Tubing / Untouched Adventures – GRNP

7.     Tsitsikamma Treetop Zipline (Stormsriver Adventures) – GRNP